A better and more efficient web. That is the goal of web designers and developers. For one, a website must be useful not for those who build it, but more so for those who will consume it. Thus, efficiency should be the ultimate goal of every web development project. Below are some of the web design techniques that even the most proficient developer will find amazing.
1) Semantic quality
Have you ever heard of screen readers? This software application attempts to interpret and present a web page exactly how the HTML is written. Then, the interpretation will be represented to users with the use of text-to-speech. Search engines also rely on your HTML. This is where the importance of writing semantic HTML lies. So, check your website’s semantic quality for cleaner and more scalable markup. Put simply, listen to your own code.
2) Conditional loading
Due to the requirements of Google that all websites should be responsive, the approach nowadays is content-first. But, of course, speed must not be sidelined. Conditional loading is the answer. The core contents such as important functions, features and images will be loaded first before the less important ones such as related contents, social buttons, and comments.
To avoid confusion and conflicts, CSS files must be named, too. Element names can be perplexing when the file contains the same elements, but with different contents and meanings. It would be easier to locate a file if it is descriptively named. Namespacing is key if you want the filenames to include helpful clues what a particular file is all about. For partials that are not producing outputs, .config.scss must be appended. For files that are importing other partials, .manifest.scss must be appended.
4) Background images
Despite the diversity of screen sizes, background images are still widely used today. Make the image responsive by utilizing the CSS property background-size: cover. This is ideal for visual scalability as the size of the background is already specified, automating the pixel ratio it (the background image) will be displayed at. It will do so without the need to put an additional markup or rule.
5) Width conversion
A responsive format will not be realized with fixed widths. Instead, these fixed values should be converted into percentages. The process not only renders scalable pages but also removes floats in the process. Look at the main container which could be 900px wide or larger, and change it max-width. Change other elements such as columns to the appropriate percentage. Then, test the site on various devices and alter percentages from there.
Web efficiency is at the core of these simple yet wondrous web design hacks. These are just five, but these will provide you – designers and developers – out there a new way of thinking and doing design and development. Explore each item and you will discover what you’ve been doing wrong all along.