The footprint of technology in our wonted life is boundless. Nevertheless, technology has its own advantages and disadvantages. On one hand, where it has bestowed humanity with several fruits to devour, it has its own backlash. In the contemporary times, one such so called boons of technology is none other than Internet. Internet has become a part and parcel of our lives, and without which everything would come to a stand still. In today’s supersonic age of internet cyber space is expanding and alleviating distances and making the impossible possible. While things are getting simpler, issues like cyber-attack has emerged leading to consequential threats. ‘Cyber-attack’ is a neoteric phrase that we often tend to hear and use in our day-to-day life. In simple words, it is an attempt by hackers to damage or destroy a computer network or system. It is an impudent conduct exerted by people or an alliance with a motive of stealing, misusing or destroying. Right from hacking a personal computer network, infrastructure, confidential data to even hacking national security systems; cyber attack is indeed a matter of serious regard.
Cyber-attack can be of various types, such as – cyber stalking and bullying, cyber fraud, cyber assault, cyber spying, cyber warfare, etc. Cyber fraud is in general targeted at obtaining pecuniary or similar motives on the side of the hacker. Cyber spying, on the other hand focuses at obtaining confidential information. While cyber stalking and bullying are usually tailored in order to petrify and terrorize individuals, cyber assault pursues at destroying information or the apparatus itself in order to cause physical damage. However, among all the afore mentioned categories, the one which is the most dangerous and need serious concern is cyber warfare. Cyber warfare is a severe form of cyber attack where generally a nation state is embroiled. This kind of cyber attack real time has the capability of shutting down electrical grids, air defence systems and even nuclear centrifuges. Henceforth, concocting an ultimatum to the national security of an entire nation.
Human mind has a magnitude to achieve the indecipherable. However, this has definitely led us to an era of destruction and degradation. The same human mind which has evolved technology to a complete different level, has also created hazards like cyber crime or cyber-attack. Although, it is nearly impossible to annihilate cyber crime from the cyber space, several essential precautionary measures can be achieved such as use of intrusion detection system, use of anti-virus software, firewalls, etc. Besides one should first and fore mostly aim for ensuing cyber knowledge, cyber protection, recognition and mitigation of such attacks. Organizations should come up with laws and emergency plans to establish security measures to abolish cyber-attack entirely from the present scenario.